Conference in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
The latest in a series of international scientific chess conferences – «Chess Education – an Important Resource of the World System of Education» – was held in Khanty-Mansiysk, 10-13 June 2013. The conference was attended by more than 150 teachers from Armenia, Brazil, the Czech Republic, Israel, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, Serbia, Sweden and Turkey. Similar conferences had been organized in Tomsk (2008), Elista (2008, 2009), Moscow (2009, 2010), Khanty-Mansiysk (2010) and Satka (2011).
At the conference a number of papers were presented which showed possible ways of implementing the ideas of the «Chess in School» Declaration adopted by the European Parliament in 2012. The reports addressed the key aspects of chess education, specified its aims and objectives, clarified its goal-setting and scientific basis and outlined its short-term and long-term prospects.
The resolution expressed gratitude to the FIDE President for his support and the Chess in Schools Commission for this website.
Resolution of the International Research Conference
«Chess Education – an Important Resource of the World System of Education»
Khanty-Mansiysk, 10 – 13 June 2013
Over the last 100 years the key event in worldwide chess education was the adoption of the «Chess in School» Declaration by the European Parliament in 2012, in which chess was interpreted as an integral part of the educational system and a promising school subject for the first time in history.
Therefore, the conference «Chess Education – an Important Resource of the World System of Education» was held to implement the resolutions of the «Chess in School» Declaration and work out unified worldwide approaches to the issues of pre-school and primary chess education.
To discuss those aspects, specialists gathered in Khanty-Mansiysk, each bringing positive personal experience of teaching chess in different institutions of education and sports systems.
As a result of their work, the conference participants agreed on the following issues:
1) Adopting the «Chess in School» Declaration is an important positive step.
2) Introduction of chess as a school subject in the field of education should have goal-setting which is meaningful for the system of education.
3) Including chess in the pre-school and school curriculum already has a solid scientific foundation and positive practical results.
4) To teach chess in general education schools and kindergartens, scientifically grounded study packs are needed.
5) Chess in primary schools should be taught by primary school teachers, and chess in kindergartens – by kindergarten teachers.
6) Advanced professional training institutes are advised to hold chess training courses for primary school and kindergarten teachers in a consistent and system-based manner.
7) In the courses primary school and kindergarten teachers should be taught: a) chess rules; b) a technology for working with a specific scientifically grounded study pack.
8) It is necessary to expand activities aimed at making parents familiar with chess rules, scientifically grounded study packs and purposes of introducing chess in the school and pre-school curriculum.
The Russian study packs for a three-year primary school course entitled «Chess for School» and published by «Dukhovnoye Vozrozhdeniye» Education and Theory Association in Obninsk City are a typical example of a scientific approach. The course is designed to develop the fundamental ability to act «in mind» and based on P. Ya. Galperin's theory of shaping mental activities stepwise, I. Ya. Lerner and M. N. Skatkin’s cultural studies concept of the content of education and Ya. A. Ponomarev's studies on the stages of developing an internal action plan – the ability to act «in mind». It should be taught by primary school teachers who have completed advanced professional training courses.
The model for organizing consistent and system-based activities aimed at holding advanced professional training courses for primary school teachers in the field of chess is the experience of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra.
The rapid development of chess education has brought about a burning issue concerning the leadership of certain regions of the world in the field of including chess in the primary school curriculum. Therefore, the conference participants would like to point out that:
1) Russia was the first country in the world where chess became a school subject taught nationwide as an elective course to be chosen by students (parents) and offered in the first half of the day for all the students of a school – in 1994 (on the initiative of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation).
2) Russia was the first country in the world which developed a scientifically grounded chess course to be taught by primary school teachers, – in 1994 (author – I. G. Sukhin, on the initiative of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation).
3) The Republic of Kalmykia was the first region in Russia and in the world where chess became an obligatory school subject – in 1995 (on the initiative of the President of the Republic of Kalmykia K. N. Ilyumzhinov).
4) Armenia was the first country in the world where chess became an obligatory school subject nationwide – in 2011 (on the initiative of the President of the Republic of Armenia S. Sargsyan).
The Conference gives thanks to:
1) FIDE President K. N. Ilyumzhinov (Russia) – for his huge work aimed at including the subject of «Chess» in the general education school curricula of the countries which are part of the FIDE;
2) the FIDE Committee «Chess in School», with personal thanks to its Chairman A. N. Yazici (Turkey) – for organizing the FIDE projects «Chess in School» and creating an in-depth information resource «Chess in Schools Commission» (http://cis.fide.com);
3) President of the European Chess Union S. Danailov (Bulgaria) – for the adoption of the «Chess in School» Declaration by the European Parliament;
4) the Organization Committees of the conferences held in Tomsk (2008), Moscow (2009) and Khanty-Mansiysk (2010) – for publishing conference materials;
THE CONFERENCE WOULD LIKE TO REQUEST:
The International Chess Federation:
1. To consider FIDE President K. N. Ilyumzhinov's initiative of including the subject of «Chess» in the curriculum of general education schools as a guideline for the Ministries of Education and Chess Federations of all the countries which are FIDE members.
2. To send a recommendation letter on behalf of the FIDE to the Chess Federation of the Republic of Kazakhstan to organize an International Conference on Nationwide Chess Education in the framework of the International Tournament in Astana City in 2014.
3. To recommend the Chess Federations of the FIDE member states to study the positive experience of teaching chess in the general education schools of Russia, the Republic of Armenia and Turkey and recommend it for use in their own countries.
4. To find a way to publish major psychological and pedagogical materials issued in the Republic of Armenia, Russia and Turkey concerning the school subject of «Chess» in the languages of the FIDE member states.
5. To recommend the FIDE Committee “Chess in School” to set up a Latin American Centre of Chess Education in the city of Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil.
To the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation:
1. To reconsider the legal and regulatory basis for the purpose of making it possible to include the subject of «Chess» in the school curriculum.
2. To make the necessary decisions aimed at teaching the subject of «Chess» in primary school during regular school hours in the first half of the day as an obligatory school subject.
3. To arrange consistent and system-based staff training for teaching chess in general education schools and kindergartens.
4. To recommend a unified system of training primary school teachers for professional education institutions, pedagogical institutes and colleges based on the Federal Course «Chess for School».
5. To include an academic competition in the school subject «Chess» in the list of academic competitions held in general education schools.
To the Russian Chess Federation:
1. To recommend that the executive authorities of the regions interested in developing chess education expand the practice of carrying out conferences in 2013–2014 similar to the conferences held in Yakutsk (2006, 2012), Tomsk (2008), Moscow (2009, 2010, 2012), Elista (2009, 2010), Satka (2011) and Khanty-Mansiysk (2010, 2013).
2. To recommend regional Chess Federations to create website sections dedicated to the issues of chess as a school subject.
To the Governor of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra:
1. To give instructions to publish a Collection of Conference Materials, followed by sending out courtesy copies to all the authors of the abstracts, as well as the directors of the general education schools in Ugra (the copies will be sent out by the publishing house).
IN CONCLUSION, THE CONFERENCE PARTICIPANTS
GIVE SPECIAL THANKS TO:
The Governor of Ugra, the Ugra Chess Academy, the Ugra Department of Education and Youth Policy, the Ugra Physical Education and Sports Department and the Chess Federation of Ugra for a high level of organizing and holding the conference.
The Resolution was adopted unanimously on the 12th June 2013.
The present Resolution is sent to the FIDE President, the Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the Management Board of the Russian Chess Federation, the Governor of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra, regional Chess Federations and the Heads of the Subjects of the Russian Federation.
photos by Maria Emilianova